It accommodated itself flexibly to the regional and global policies of the United States while avoiding major initiatives of its own; adhered to pacifist principles embodied in the constitutionreferred to as the "peace constitution"; and generally took a passive, low-profile role in world affairs. Relations with other countries were governed by what the leadership called "omnidirectional diplomacy," which was essentially a policy of maintaining political neutrality in foreign affairs while expanding economic relations wherever possible. This policy was highly successful and allowed Japan to prosper and grow as an economic powerbut it was feasible only while the country enjoyed the security and economic stability provided by its ally, the United States. Post-occupation Japan[ edit ] When Japan regained its sovereignty in and reentered the international community as an independent nation, it found itself in a world preoccupied by the Cold War between East and West, in which the Soviet Union and the United States headed opposing camps.
Toggle display of website navigation Voice: How Strong Is the U. Voice How Strong Is the U. The friendship between Washington and Tokyo has come a long way in 70 years, but a rising China could throw a wrench in the works. April 14,5: As the two nations mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II in August, it is a moment for both the American and Japanese publics to reflect on the past — but also, with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visiting the United States in late April, to take the temperature of the current bilateral relationship and to consider its future.
As both countries face the rising strategic and economic challenge posed by China, the United States is explicitly rebalancing its international posture toward Asia.
Japan has fractious relations with U. At the same time, to the consternation of both Seoul and Beijing, Tokyo is debating a Us economic policy to japan as active role in collective regional security.
How the American and Japanese people see these issues may go a long way toward framing the ongoing relationship of these onetime foes and now longtime allies. Adversaries in World War II, fierce economic competitors in the s and early s, Americans and Japanese nonetheless share a deep mutual respect today.
Roughly two-thirds of Americans trust Japan either a great deal 26 percent or a fair amount 42 percentaccording to a new Pew Research Center survey.
And three-quarters of Japanese share a similar degree of trust of the United States, though their intensity is somewhat less 10 percent a great deal, 65 percent a fair amount. There is a gender gap in how the two publics see each other.
American men 76 percent are more trusting of Japan than American women 59 percentjust as Japanese men 82 percent voice greater trust in the United States than do Japanese women 68 percent.
But there is no significant partisan difference in how Americans see Japan. Looking ahead, Americans generally support keeping the U. When asked whether they would prefer the United States to be closer to Japan, less close, or about as close to Japan as it has been in recent years, 38 percent say closer, 45 percent say about as close, and only 13 percent would like to distance the United States from Japan.
There is, however, a generation gap in viewing the future of the relationship: And there is partisan disagreement on the trajectory of the relationship with Japan: Democrats 41 percent are more likely than Republicans 30 percent to support closer ties.
China looms large in the minds of both Americans and Japanese in their consideration of the U. Only 30 percent of Americans and just 7 percent of Japanese trust China. One reason Americans may trust China more is that only 16 percent say they have heard a lot about territorial disputes between China and neighboring countries.
Americans are somewhat divided on whether the United States should be focusing more on Japan or on China when it comes to developing strong economic ties.
Overall, a slightly larger share of Americans 43 percent name China as the more important economic partner than Japan 36 percent. About one in eight Americans 12 percent volunteered an alternative: In particular, young Americans believe it is more important to have a strong economic relationship with China: About six in 10 Americans ages 18 to 29 hold this view.
Less than half as many people 65 years of age and older agree. At the same time, twice as many older Americans as younger ones believe a strong economic relationship with Japan is a priority.
Republicans are more likely than Democrats to want better relations with Japan. There are no such divisions in Japan on future economic relations with China and the United States.
Nearly eight in 10 Japanese 78 percent say it is more important to have strong economic connections with the United States, while only 10 percent cite China. Young Japanese are more likely than their elders to back a deeper economic relationship with the United States, but the preference for the United States among all age groups, and among all demographic subgroups in Japan, is still overwhelming.
Just 6 percent say it makes ties less important and 29 percent believe it makes no difference. There is also a disparity in how Americans and Japanese view South Korea. Nearly half 49 percent of Americans trust Seoul, but only 21 percent of Japanese do.
A Pew Research Center survey found that 98 percent of South Koreans felt that Japan had not apologized sufficiently for its activities in the s and s. Yet 57 percent of Americans say they have never heard of the tensions over the comfort women issue.
At the same time, the American public is divided over whether Japan should play a more active military role in helping to maintain peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region:This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Japan.
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Foreign policy of Japan. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Japan. This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Japan The collapse of the war effort in Vietnam was seen as the end of United States military and economic dominance in Asia and brought to the fore a marked shift in Japan's attitudes about the United States.
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Japan and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, G7, G, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, ASEAN Regional Forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
[Back to the Unit Nine Summary] The Open Door Notes () By the late 19th century, Japan and the European powers had carved much of China into separate spheres of influence, inside of which each held economic dominance.