Living in a time of confused and devalued language, then, proves difficult for many of us. Such free usage of the term is unfortunate.
Thyestes fathered Aegisthus with his own daughter, Pelopiaand this son vowed gruesome revenge on Atreus' children. Aegisthus successfully murdered Atreus and restored his father to the throne. Aegisthus took possession of the throne of Mycenae and jointly ruled with Thyestes.
During this period, Agamemnon and his brother, Menelaustook refuge with TyndareusKing of Sparta. There they respectively married Tyndareus' daughters Clytemnestra and Helen.
Agamemnon and Clytemnestra had four children: Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus in Sparta, while Agamemnon, with his brother's assistance, drove out Aegisthus and Thyestes to recover his father's kingdom. He extended his dominion by conquest and became the most powerful prince in Greece.
Thus misfortune hounded successive generations of the House of Atreusuntil atoned by Orestes in a court of justice held jointly by humans and gods.
Trojan War Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. Preparing to depart from Auliswhich was a port in BoeotiaAgamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: Misfortunes, including a plague and a lack of wind, prevented the army from sailing.
Finally, the prophet Calchas announced that the wrath of the goddess could only be propitiated by the sacrifice of Agamemnon's daughter Iphigenia. Achilles ' surrender of Briseis to Agamemnon, from the House of the Tragic Poet in Pompeiifresco, 1st century AD, now in the Naples National Archaeological Museum Classical dramatizations differ on how willing either father or daughter was to this fate; some include such trickery as claiming she was to be married to Achillesbut Agamemnon did eventually sacrifice Iphigenia.
Her death appeased Artemis, and the Greek army set out for Troy. Several alternatives to the human sacrifice have been presented in Greek mythology. Other sources, such as Iphigenia at Aulissay that Agamemnon was prepared to kill his daughter, but that Artemis accepted a deer in her place, and whisked her away to Tauris in the Crimean Peninsula.
Hesiod said she became the goddess Hecate. Agamemnon was the commander-in-chief of the Greeks during the Trojan War. During the fighting, Agamemnon killed Antiphus and fifteen other Trojan soldiers, according to one source.
Even before his "aristea," Agamemnon was considered to be one of the three best warriors on the Greek side as proven when Hector challenges any champion of the Greek side to fight him in Book 7, and Agamemnon along with Diomedes and Big Aias is one of the three most wished for to face him out of the nine strongest Greek warriors who volunteered.
And after they reconciled, even Achilles admits in Book 23 that Agamemnon is "the best in strength and in throwing the spear.
The Iliad tells the story about the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles in the final year of the war. Following one of the Achaean Army's raids, Chryseisdaughter of Chrysesone of Apollo's priests, was taken as a war prize by Agamemnon. Chryses pleaded with Agamemnon to free his daughter but was met with little success.
Chryses then prayed to Apollo for the safe return of his daughter, which Apollo responded to by unleashing a plague over the Achaean Army.
After learning from the Prophet Calchas that the plague could be dispelled by returning Chryseis to her father, Agamemnon reluctantly agreed, but first berated Calchas for previously forcing Agamemnon to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia and released his prize. However, as compensation for his lost prize, Agamemnon demanded a new prize.
As a result, Agamemnon stole an attractive slave called Briseisone of the spoils of war, from Achilles. Agamemnon, having realized Achilles's importance in winning the war against the Trojan Army, sent ambassadors begging for Achilles to return, offering him riches and the hand of his daughter in marriage, but Achilles refused, only being spurred back into action when his closest friend, Patroclus, was killed in battle.
Although not the equal of Achilles in bravery, Agamemnon was a representative of "kingly authority". As commander-in-chief, he summoned the princes to the council and led the army in battle. His chief fault was his overwhelming haughtiness; an over-exalted opinion of his position that led him to insult Chryses and Achilles, thereby bringing great disaster upon the Greeks.The Role of Women in Homer's The Odyssey Women form an important part of the folk epic, written by Homer, The Odyssey.
Within the story there are three basic types of women: the goddess, the seductress, and the good hostess/wife. Upon Agamemnon's return from Troy, he was killed (according to the oldest surviving account, Odyssey –11) by Aegisthus, the lover of his wife Clytemnestra. In old versions of the story, the scene of the murder, when it is specified.
Women’s role is vital role in the development of this epic. The women in Odyssey are unique in their personality, intentions, and relationship towards men.
All women in this epic are different, but all of them help to define the role of the ideal woman. Throughout the Iliad, women play a modest but important role that embodies their relative significance and the impact they have on the affairs that take place.
The Iliad began with a argument between Achilles and Agamemnon over Briseis, who . Oct 20, · In Agamemnon Aeschylus represents Clytemnestra as a woman who defies every convention of the female gender role.
It is the rejection of this role that leads Agamemnon in the Odyssey (; ) to describe Clytemnestra as, ‘shameless’ and a woman who ‘devised a monstrous thing’. In a patriarchal society like that of ancient Greece, it would be pretty hard to have a play with a fearsome female villain like Clytemnestra and not have the issue of gender play a prominent role.
At many points in Agamemnon, we hear characters utter stereotyped views about women, but it isn't.