Many faith-based communities, organizations, and agencies established hospitals and hospices as part of their ministry. In the modern era, however, the two became increasingly separated as medicine became more scientific, developing what became known as the biomedical model in the mid-nineteenth century. During this period of secularization of medicine, some religious hospitals remained true to their faith-based mission, while many retained their religious identity in name only. He called his proposal the biopsychosocial model.
Background and Information Health care providers need to have an understanding of and appreciation for the beliefs and religious preferences of their patients in order to provide optimal care for them. As the population of Americans of the Sikh religion increases, physicians, nurses and chaplains associated with hospitals and hospices will more frequently encounter Sikh patients who require contact with the health care system including those with medical conditions, either acute, chronic or terminal.
The information in this document is applicable to all Sikhs.
Nationwide, there are approximatelytoSikhs with 6, to 10, residing in the metropolitan Chicago area. Sikh faith, considered the fifth largest in the world, has more than 22 million followers world-wide. Nine Gurus divine teachers followed him.
This holy book was compiled by the fifth Sikh guru, Guru Arjan Dev in The Guru Granth Sahib is at the heart of Sikh worship, and its presence lends sanctity to the Sikh place of worship, the Gurudwara, where it is installed on an altar and the devotees pay their obeisance to Spirituality in patient care Guru.
The services consist of singing of hymns from Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Granth Sahib contains devotional compositions written by the Sikh gurus, recorded during their life times and authenticated by them.
It also contains hymns by 32 other Hindu and Muslim religious saints, irrespective of their cast or social status, but with similar ideologies. The page text is written mainly in the Punjabi language. Some of the hymns are in Sanskrit, Persian, and Hindi languages. The compositions are set in rhymed couplets that can be sung in Indian classical musical measures called ragas.
Religious Beliefs The fundamental belief of Sikhs is that there is only One, Universal, Formless, Timeless God of all the people, Who is also the creator of this universe and all living beings. Initiated Sikhs, also known as Khalsa, at all times wear on their person five religious symbols that are articles of faith.
They are known as 5K's because their names start with the letter "K. The religious significance of the headdress a male turban or a female scarf should be respected, because it is a covering for one of the 5K's Kesh and is also a symbol of a Sikh's honor.
Generally, practicing Sikhs do not cut their hair, and do not consume tobacco products, alcohol, intoxicants or other illicit drugs. Sikhs believe that whosoever is born has eventually to die. The physical body is perishable, but the soul is eternal.
The soul is a part of God and it yearns reunion with the Supreme Being. Liberation from the cycle of birth and death, from millions of life forms, is the basis of the Sikh understanding of the purpose of life. Human life is the gift of the Divine, and its termination, a return to the Divine source.
Culture and Celebrations Sikh religion originated within the varied ethnic, religious, and cultural parameters of North India, especially within the region of Punjab. Because of their geographic origins, headdress and bearded males, often times Sikhs are confused with Muslims and Arabs.
Many of the prevalent manners, customs, and oral traditions of the Punjab region became a part of Sikh life, and in turn the area received a new cultural resurgence from this religion. Since Punjab has supported a predominantly an agrarian society, Sikh art, song, dance, commemorations and celebrations are marked by the agricultural cycle and seasonal moods.
It is a celebration of the day the Khalsa order was created in It is also a culturally significant spring festival celebrated with music, song, dance, food and fun-fairs.
People exchange gifts and distribute sweets on this day. Beliefs Related to Health Care During times of sickness and disease, Sikhs pray to seek God's help, remember Waheguru God's name to obtain peace, ask for forgiveness, and recite or listen to Gurbani, the sacred hymns, which are God's words, uttered through the Sikh Gurus and enshrined in the Guru Granth Sahib Holy Scripture.Since the publication of the first edition of Spirituality in Patient Care in , the book has earned a reputation as the authoritative introduction to the subject for health professionals interested in identifying and addressing the spiritual needs of patients.
The body of research on religion, spirituality, and health continues to grow at a dramatic rate, .
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings. Healthcare is delivered by health professionals (providers or practitioners) in allied health fields.
Physicians and physician associates are a part of these health professionals. Critic Reviews - Spirituality in Patient Care. Share Guide September/October Spirituality in Patient Care is intended as a guide for physicians, medical students, nurses, and health practitioners.
As emerging research demonstrates the effect of one's spiritual beliefs on a person's health, it's important to perform a spiritual profile on a patient in . Nov 20, · Physical engagement may remarkably cause spiritual changes in patient's past and his/her future attitudes and behaviors.
1 It is common in every group and culture to connect to In such cases, blessing for the patients and his/her attendants can be an important spiritual care intervention.
Spirituality in nursing: Standing on. There is an increasing recognition in modern Western medicine of the importance of patient spirituality in treatment and healing.
Nowhere is this more important than in addressing and resolving dilemmas in bedside medical ethics. March 2, — Editor's note: Until recent years, spirituality has been an oft-overlooked element of patient care.
Numerous studies have suggested that having a spiritual community is helpful.